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Foot physical therapy is a specialized branch of physical therapy that focuses on the assessment, treatment, and rehabilitation of conditions affecting the feet and ankles. It is a non-invasive approach that aims to alleviate pain, restore mobility, and improve overall foot and ankle function. 

Whether you’re an athlete recovering from a sports injury, an individual with chronic foot pain, or someone seeking to optimize foot health, foot physical therapy can play a vital role in your recovery and well-being.

In this article, we’ll see what physical therapy for feet and ankle entails, and explore some of the best foot and ankle physical therapy centers and clinics.

Who Can Provide Foot Physical Therapy?

Foot physical therapy is provided by licensed physical therapists, preferably someone who has received additional specialized training in treating foot and ankle conditions.

These professionals have an in-depth understanding of foot anatomy, biomechanics, and therapeutic interventions specific to foot-related issues. 

When is Foot Physical Therapy Needed?

Foot physical therapy may be recommended in various situations, including:

1. Sports Injuries: Foot and ankle injuries, such as sprains, strains, fractures, and plantar fasciitis, commonly occur in athletes. Physical therapy can help reduce pain, promote healing, and regain strength and flexibility.

2. Post-Surgery Rehabilitation: After foot or ankle surgeries, physical therapy plays a crucial role in restoring normal function and mobility, aiding in the healing process, and preventing future complications.

3. Chronic Conditions: Individuals with chronic foot and ankle conditions like arthritis, tendinitis, bunions, or neuromuscular disorders can benefit from foot physical therapy to manage pain, improve joint mobility, and enhance the overall quality of life.

4. Gait Abnormalities: If you experience issues with your walking or have an abnormal gait pattern, foot physical therapy can help analyze and correct any biomechanical issues, promoting more efficient and pain-free movement.

Common Foot and Ankle Conditions Treated with Physical Therapy

Physical therapy can be very beneficial for the following common foot and ankle conditions:

1. Plantar Fasciitis: This condition involves inflammation and pain in the thick band of tissue (plantar fascia) that runs along the bottom of the foot. Physical therapy can help reduce pain, stretch the plantar fascia, and strengthen the surrounding muscles to promote healing.

2. Achilles Tendinitis: This condition refers to the inflammation of the Achilles tendon, causing pain and stiffness. Physical therapy interventions, such as eccentric exercises, manual therapy, and modalities like ultrasound or laser therapy, can aid in pain relief and tendon healing.

3. Ankle Sprains: Physical therapy plays a crucial role in rehabilitating ankle sprains by restoring stability, strength, and proprioception through targeted exercises and balance training.

4. Bunions: Foot physical therapy can provide relief from pain caused by bunions by addressing foot mechanics, recommending proper footwear, and implementing exercises to strengthen the surrounding muscles.

5. Shin Splints: Shin splints, characterized by pain along the shinbone, can be effectively managed with physical therapy techniques such as stretching, strengthening, and biomechanical evaluation to identify contributing factors.

Best Foot Physical Therapists

foot therapy
Image Credit: yournextstep.net

Below we have listed some of the best centers for foot and ankle physical therapy.

1. Johns Hopkins Medicine Foot and Ankle Physical Therapy Clinic

With over 50 care locations, the Johns Hopkins Medicine Foot and Ankle Physical Therapy Center is dedicated to providing comprehensive care for a wide range of foot and ankle symptoms.

Their experienced team of therapists focuses on helping patients overcome pain, joint instability, and loss of motion, enabling them to return to the activities they enjoy.

At Johns Hopkins, physical therapy is often the initial treatment for various foot and ankle problems. However, the center also collaborates closely with orthopedic surgeons when surgical intervention may be necessary for optimal outcomes.

This integrated approach ensures that patients receive the most appropriate and effective care tailored to their specific needs.

The Johns Hopkins Foot and Ankle Physical Therapy Center provides treatments for various conditions and aids in recovery after injuries or surgeries.

This includes foot and ankle sprains, strains, and fractures, tendinopathy such as Achilles tendinitis and plantar fasciitis, ankle osteoarthritis, shin splints, heel pain, and spurs, sports injuries, and many more.

Conveniently located throughout Maryland, the Johns Hopkins Rehabilitation Network offers foot and ankle therapy services in Baltimore, Odenton, White Marsh, and Timonium.

2. BenchMark Physical Therapy

BenchMark Physical Therapy is dedicated to empowering individuals of all ages and activity levels to regain confidence through movement. They provide specialized foot pain treatment aimed at addressing the underlying causes of discomfort. 

The center begins with a comprehensive evaluation to determine the specific factors contributing to foot pain. Based on the evaluation findings, a customized physical therapy program is developed to alleviate pain and promote healing.

The foot pain treatment program at BenchMark Physical Therapy incorporates a variety of therapeutic techniques tailored to individual needs.

These may include neuromuscular and balance training to improve stability, flexibility exercises to enhance range of motion, taping for support and alignment, and manual therapy techniques such as joint or soft tissue mobilization to alleviate pain and promote healing. 

The center also offers advanced modalities like dry needling, IASTM (Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization), and nerve mobilization to target specific issues effectively.

Additionally, Benchmark Physical Therapy’s foot pain treatment programs may involve strength training and endurance exercises to improve foot function and overall mobility.

Gait training is implemented to optimize walking mechanics, while modalities like ice, heat, electrical stimulation, and ultrasound are utilized to manage pain and support the healing process. Benchmark Physical Therapy has outpatient physical therapy and rehabilitation clinics located across the United States.

3. FX Physical therapy

FX Physical Therapy, the sports medicine partner of FX Studios, is a leading provider of comprehensive care for injuries, post-surgical rehabilitation, and performance enhancement for athletes.

The clinic is committed to delivering one-on-one care, ensuring that each client receives personalized attention to achieve optimal results and lead an active and fulfilling lifestyle.

Foot and ankle pain can significantly impact everyday movements and athletic performance. At FX Physical Therapy, their approach begins with a thorough movement assessment to evaluate the range of motion in the foot and ankle. 

Based on this assessment, their skilled therapists develop an individualized treatment plan that includes targeted exercises to strengthen and stretch the lower-extremity muscles. This tailored approach aims to alleviate pain, enhance mobility, and prevent future injuries.

FX Physical Therapy conveniently serves clients across multiple locations, including Annapolis, Columbia, Downtown Baltimore, Elkridge, Federal Hill, Hampstead, Hunt Valley, Mount Washington, Pikesville, Severna Park, and Under Armour Headquarters.

This widespread presence ensures accessibility and convenience for individuals seeking expert foot physical therapy services. 

Through their comprehensive approach, FX Physical Therapy aims to optimize clients’ foot and ankle health, facilitating pain-free movement, and enhancing athletic performance.

4. TrueSports Physical Therapy

TrueSports Physical Therapy is a leading center dedicated to providing exceptional care for individuals with foot, ankle, and heel injuries.

Utilizing cutting-edge therapies and treatments, their team of experts focuses on helping patients recover and regain their mobility. They provide ongoing support, guidance, and monitoring throughout the rehabilitation process.

TrueSports offers a comprehensive approach to foot physical therapy, encompassing therapeutic exercises, personalized rehabilitation plans, and collaboration with doctors to ensure the best possible outcomes. Through targeted physical therapy sessions, patients work towards a healthier, stronger foot, ankle, and heel. 

TrueSports Physical Therapy operates at various locations across Maryland, including Bel Air, Bethesda, Columbia, Eldersburg, Fells Point, Frederick, Gaithersburg, Glen Burnie, Timonium, and Woodbine. This widespread presence ensures accessibility and convenience for individuals seeking specialized foot physical therapy services.

By combining innovative therapies, personalized treatment plans, and a focus on achieving long-term recovery, TrueSports Physical Therapy empowers individuals to get back on their feet, regain their mobility, and return to the activities they love.

5. Prisk Orthopaedics and Wellness

Prisk Orthopaedics and Wellness is Pittsburgh’s premier center for foot and ankle surgery, led by the esteemed Dr. Prisk and his experienced team. Renowned for its expertise, the center offers cutting-edge treatments, including minimally-invasive surgical options and non-surgical alternatives for a wide range of foot and ankle conditions. 

Dr. Prisk and his team stand by patients even after surgery, providing physical therapy focused on restoring strength, flexibility, and range of motion.

With their unwavering support, patients can have confidence in their full recovery. Prisk Orthopaedics and Wellness prioritizes comprehensive care, ensuring each patient receives personalized attention and the highest quality of treatment. 

If you’re seeking top-tier foot and ankle care in Pittsburgh, Prisk Orthopaedics and Wellness is dedicated to delivering exceptional treatments and compassionate care to optimize your foot and ankle health.

What to Expect During Foot Physical Therapy Sessions

Initial Assessment: The first session typically involves a comprehensive evaluation of the foot and ankle, including a medical history review, range of motion assessment, strength testing, and gait analysis.

Individualized Treatment Plan: Based on the assessment findings, the physical therapist designs a personalized treatment plan that may include manual therapy, therapeutic exercises, modalities, and education specific to the individual’s needs.

Progress Tracking: Throughout the course of therapy, progress is monitored and adjustments are made to the treatment plan as necessary. Physical therapists may use outcome measures, functional tests, and patient feedback to track improvements.

Duration and Frequency: The duration and frequency of foot physical therapy sessions vary depending on the condition and individual needs. Typically, sessions occur one to three times per week for a certain number of weeks or until treatment goals are achieved.

Home Exercise Program: Physical therapists often provide patients with a home exercise program to continue the progress outside of therapy sessions. Consistency with home exercises plays a vital role in achieving optimal outcomes.


Foot physical therapy is a valuable resource for individuals experiencing foot and ankle pain, injuries, or conditions.

If you are dealing with foot or ankle issues, consider consulting a physical therapist specializing in foot physical therapy to receive a personalized treatment plan and embark on your journey towards healthier, pain-free feet and ankles.


Can foot physical therapy help with balance issues?

Yes, foot physical therapy can help improve balance by focusing on strengthening the muscles in the feet and ankles, enhancing proprioception, and addressing any gait abnormalities that may contribute to balance problems.

Is foot physical therapy suitable for children with foot and ankle conditions?

Yes, foot physical therapy can be beneficial for children with foot and ankle conditions. Pediatric physical therapists are specially trained to work with children and can provide age-appropriate interventions to address their specific needs.

Can foot physical therapy prevent the need for surgery?

In some cases, foot physical therapy can help avoid surgery or delay it. By addressing foot and ankle issues through targeted exercises, manual therapy, and other interventions, individuals may experience improvements that eliminate the need for surgical intervention.

However, the appropriateness of surgery versus conservative treatment should be discussed with a healthcare provider.

Can I choose foot physical therapy even if I don’t have a specific condition but want to improve foot health?

Absolutely! Foot physical therapy is not limited to treating specific conditions. It can be beneficial for individuals seeking to optimize foot health, improve foot function, and prevent future injuries.

A physical therapist can provide guidance on exercises, footwear choices, and proper foot care practices.

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