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Mental illness is common, affecting about one in five adults in the U.S. every year. The National Institute of Mental Health says around 20% of U.S. adults deal with mental health issues annually, ranging from anxiety and depression to more severe conditions such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. 

Similarly, over five million Canadians, or about 13% of the population, had a mood, anxiety, or substance use disorder in 2022. 

Not only does mental illness impact individuals’ emotional and psychological well-being, but it also significantly interferes with their daily functioning and quality of life. This is where occupational therapy (OT) plays a crucial role. 

Occupational therapy for mental health is a therapeutic approach that utilizes meaningful activities and occupations to promote overall well-being and improve an individual’s ability to perform daily tasks and roles. 

It focuses on developing and enhancing skills related to cognitive function, emotional regulation, social participation, and adaptive behavior. Read on to learn more about the benefits of occupational therapy for mental health.

It’s crucial to note that BetterHelp is the best platform for connecting to licensed and experienced therapists. 

This online platform offers convenient and accessible support, ensuring you can get the care you need without leaving the comfort of your home. 

Types of Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy encompasses specialized areas and interventions tailored to individuals’ unique needs and goals across various settings and populations. 

1. Pediatric Occupational Therapy

This type of occupational therapy focuses on supporting the development and well-being of children and adolescents. Occupational therapists in this field work with children who have developmental delays, physical disabilities, sensory processing disorders, autism spectrum disorders, or other special needs. 

2. Geriatric Occupational Therapy

As individuals age, they may experience physical, cognitive, or functional declines that impact their ability to perform daily activities independently. 

Geriatric occupational therapists collaborate with older adults to help them maintain or improve their independence, safety, and quality of life. 

3. Physical Disability Occupational Therapy

Individuals with physical disabilities may require occupational therapy to regain or develop new skills for daily living activities. 

Occupational therapists in this area provide training in adaptive equipment, environmental modifications, and compensatory strategies to promote independence and participation in desired occupations.

4. Mental Health Occupational Therapy

This occupational therapy type focuses on using meaningful activities and occupations to improve mental health and overall well-being. 

Occupational therapists in mental health settings work with individuals experiencing conditions such as depression, anxiety, and so on.

Occupational Therapy for Mental Health: How it Works?


Occupational therapy for mental health employs a holistic and client-centered approach to promote overall well-being and enhance an individual’s capacity to engage in significant activities. 

The occupational therapist begins by conducting a comprehensive evaluation to assess the client’s strengths, limitations, interests, and areas of concern. 

This assessment may include interviews, observations, standardized assessments, and client support network input. 

Moreover, the occupational therapist analyzes the client’s daily activities, routines, and roles to identify barriers and facilitators to their participation and performance. 

Using this analysis, the therapist develops an individualized intervention plan incorporating meaningful and purposeful activities tailored to the client’s needs and goals. 

These activities may target cognitive function, emotional regulation, social interaction, or practical life skills.

Furthermore, occupational therapists may use cognitive-behavioral strategies, mindfulness practices, sensory integration techniques, or task analysis and adaptation to help clients develop coping mechanisms, improve self-management skills, and enhance their ability to engage in desired occupations. 

The occupational therapist continuously evaluates the client’s progress throughout the therapeutic process and adjusts the intervention plan as needed. 

This dynamic approach ensures that the therapy remains responsive to the client’s changing needs and goals, maximizing the potential for positive outcomes and sustained improvements in overall well-being. 

Scientific Researches

Occupational therapy is crucial for fostering mental health and overall well-being. Researchers have extensively studied the effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions in addressing various mental health conditions. 

Numerous studies have explored the impact of occupational therapy on individuals with depression. 

Occupational therapy has demonstrated its efficacy as an intervention for individuals grappling with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. 

In 2016, the British Journal of Occupational Therapy published a meta-analysis examining different interventions within occupational therapy, including social skills training, cognitive remediation, and vocational rehabilitation. 

The findings suggested that these interventions significantly improved functional outcomes, social participation, and overall quality of life for individuals with psychotic disorders.

Research has also highlighted the benefits of occupational therapy for individuals with anxiety disorders. 

A study published in the Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy in 2018 examined the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral occupational therapy program for individuals with generalized anxiety disorder. 

The results indicated that participants experienced a significant reduction in anxiety symptoms and improved their ability to engage in daily occupations.

Additionally, occupational therapy has been studied in the context of substance use disorders. 

A study published in 2019 investigated the efficacy of an occupational therapy-centered approach in aiding individuals during the initial stages of recovery from substance use disorders. 

The intervention focused on developing healthy routines, enhancing coping strategies, and improving occupational engagement. 

The study found that participants in the occupational therapy group reported significantly higher rates of abstinence and enhanced overall performance when contrasted with the control group.

Benefits of Occupational Therapy for Mental Health

1. Sense of Accomplishments 

Occupational therapy emphasizes the importance of engaging in meaningful activities and routines. 

By participating in purposeful occupations, individuals with mental health conditions can experience a sense of accomplishment and regain control over their lives. 

2. Regaining Freewill

Occupational therapy plays a crucial role in regaining functional independence for individuals with psychotic disorders or cognitive impairments. 

Occupational therapists assess an individual’s strengths and limitations and develop tailored interventions to improve daily living skills, such as self-care, home management, and community mobility. 

3. Assist in Health Recovery

In the context of substance use disorders, occupational therapy supports individuals in their recovery journey. 

Occupational therapists assist in developing healthy routines, coping mechanisms, and meaningful occupations to replace substance use. 

4. Overcoming Physiological Barriers

Occupational therapy interventions aim to address psychosocial barriers to participation in meaningful occupations, such as stigma, social isolation, and environmental constraints.

Occupational therapists work alongside individuals to pinpoint and overcome these barriers, fostering inclusive environments and promoting community integration. 

5. Acquisition of Coping Strategy Skills

Individuals with mental health conditions often face challenges in managing stress, regulating emotions, and developing effective coping strategies. 

Occupational therapists provide skills training and cognitive-behavioral interventions to help individuals develop healthy coping mechanisms, problem-solving abilities, and stress management techniques. 

6. Improve Sensory Processing

Numerous mental health conditions, like anxiety disorders, autism spectrum disorders, and trauma-related conditions, can involve sensory processing challenges. 

On this basis, occupational therapists undergo training to evaluate and tackle challenges related to sensory processing difficulties. 

Significantly, this can impact a person’s capacity to engage in everyday activities and manage emotions. 

Treating mental health often requires a collaborative effort among specialists, pooling their expertise to cater to individuals’ unique requirements. 

Occupational therapists work closely with psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and other healthcare experts to craft thorough treatment strategies and maintain seamless care coordination.

List of Best Occupational Therapists


Finding the best occupational therapists involves considering several factors, including their qualifications, experience, specialization in relevant areas, and patient reviews. 

It’s essential to check their credentials, such as certifications and licenses, and ensure they have experience with specific conditions or populations relevant to your needs. 

More importantly, utilizing online platforms like BetterHelp, known for its convenience and accessibility, can facilitate the search. 

1. Nancy Scott, Psychologist

Nancy Scott, a psychologist, specializes in stress, anxiety, career difficulties, depression, coping with life changes, and ADHD

She is licensed in Idaho, New York, and South Carolina and is PSYPACT-authorized through South Carolina. With 32 years of professional work experience, she has been named Manhattan’s Best Psychologist and is listed in Who’s Who in Health and Medicine. 

She has extensive experience in helping patients manage stress and anxiety, career and work difficulties, depression, and life changes. 

Besides, Nancy fosters an environment of trust and acceptance with her patients, encouraging them to express their thoughts and emotions without worry of criticism freely. 

She deeply appreciates the bravery required to pursue a more prosperous, joyful existence and embark on the initial journey toward transformation. 

Nancy is dedicated to supporting and empowering her patients on this journey. Additionally, she focuses on workplace issues.

2. Michelle Spencer, LMHC, LPCC

Michelle Spencer, LMHC, LPCC, holds licenses in New York and Minnesota, boasting 12 years of professional expertise. 

She specializes in aiding clients with stress and anxiety management, trauma recovery, fostering motivation, enhancing self-esteem and confidence, and navigating career challenges. 

In addition, Spencer believes in treating everyone with respect, sensitivity, and compassion. She customizes her conversations and treatment strategies to align perfectly with each client’s distinct and individualized needs. 

Initiating the journey towards a more satisfying and joyful life requires bravery, and she stands ready to offer unwavering support to her clients at every step. 

Other areas of concentration encompass addictions, relational challenges, grief, eating disorders, parenting struggles, anger modulation, bipolar disorder, adapting to life transitions, coaching, compassion exhaustion, and ADHD.

3. Dr. Laura Mclaughlin, LPCC

Dr. Laura Mclaughlin, LPCC, is a professional at managing stress, anxiety, grief, self-esteem, motivation, career difficulties, and depression. 

With 21 years of professional experience and a license in Ohio, she specializes in assisting clients with stress, anxiety, grief, motivation, self-esteem, confidence, and navigating career challenges. 

Dr. Mclaughlin also collaborates with her clients, fostering an atmosphere of openness and safety where they can freely express their thoughts and emotions without apprehension of criticism. 

She views the decision to pursue a more satisfying and joyful life and to initiate the initial actions toward change as acts of bravery. She is here to support and empower clients in that journey.

4. Bridgette Eaton, LCPC

Bridgette Eaton is a licensed clinical professional counselor in the state of Maryland. 

She boasts over a decade of aiding individuals through various challenges, spanning from navigating career hurdles to coping with the aftermath of suicide, grappling with sensory impairments, adapting to life’s unexpected twists, and dealing with legal entanglements, including sex offenses. 

Bridgette supports victims of crime, caregivers tending to elderly parents, and individuals of all ages with special needs. 

Moreover, she specializes in assisting those with the Highly Sensitive Person (HSP) trait or Sensory 

Processing Sensitivity, aiding in boundary establishment, and offering strategies for navigating diverse interpersonal dynamics, whether political, economic, or otherwise complex.

5. Jonathan Trost, LMFT

Jonathan Trost is licensed in California and has 36 years of professional work experience. He has helped clients with stress and anxiety, relationship issues, anger management, and career difficulties. 

He collaborates with his clients to cultivate a welcoming and secure space, fostering the free exchange of thoughts and emotions, free from any apprehension of criticism. 

As you know, embarking on a more enriching and joyful life and initiating the initial strides toward transformation requires immense courage. He is here to support and empower his clients in that journey.

6. Douglas Glen, LMFT

Douglas Glen, LMFT, is a licensed mental health professional in California with over ten years of experience as a psychotherapist and marriage & family counselor. 

Born and educated in the U.K., he brings a wealth of life experience from living and working in Europe before moving to the U.S.

He’s assisted clients dealing with a diverse array of challenges, spanning from depression and anxiety to relationship issues, parenting dilemmas, career hurdles, OCD, and ADHD. 

He has also helped many people who have experienced trauma or emotional abuse. 


1. What is the role of occupational therapy in stress management?

Occupational therapists help individuals develop healthy coping strategies and routines to manage stress effectively.
They provide skills training in relaxation techniques, time management, and problem-solving to promote emotional regulation and overall well-being.

2. Can occupational therapists do CBT

While occupational therapists are not licensed to provide complete cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), they can incorporate cognitive-behavioral principles and interventions to address thought patterns, behaviors, and occupational performance.

3. What is the O.T. assessment process?

The occupational therapy assessment process involves gathering comprehensive information about the client’s occupational profile, performance patterns, context, and environmental factors through interviews, observations, and standardized assessments to develop an individualized intervention plan.

Emma Loker

I attribute my extensive knowledge to a 1st Class Honours degree in Psychology and my current studies to become a Child and Adolescent Psychotherapist at the University of Cambridge.


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